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Foreign Policy

‫SUMMARY

‫The Strategic Plan has been drafted and guided by the National Long Term Development Plan (RPJPN) for 2005-2025 and the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) for 2010-2014 as its foundation. In addition to specifying the achievements in the implementation of tasks and authorities in the preceding period, the Strategic Plan of the Ministry, as a medium-term planning document, also sets forth the vision, missions, purposes, strategies, policies, programs, and activities as well as the performance targets and funding which are to be implemented by all working units in the Ministry for the subsequent five-year period.

‫It provides guidelines for the implementation of tasks and functions and a tool to measure the efforts carried out to improve the performance of the Ministry in line with Indonesian principles of diplomacy. The past constraints and problems which have been managed in the preceding period should become a benchmark in determining the purposes and goals of foreign relations for five years ahead.

‫Within the international-domestic context, Indonesian diplomacy has demonstrated strengthened performance in the bilateral, regional and multilateral relations. Efforts in multilateral and regional diplomacy that Indonesia makes should be intensified by solid bilateral diplomacy. Indonesian foreign policy will actively seek to improve relations with countries in Asia Pacific, Africa, America, and Europe and bring it to a higher level to achieve the country’s interest. International acknowledgment of Indonesia is a significant element in the implementation of the country’s foreign policy in the future. 

‫The foreign policy should reflect democratic transformation which has taken place at home. Hereafter, it is necessary to place an emphasis on the importance of support and participation from all stakeholders for the effective Indonesian foreign policy in strengthening its position at the international level.

‫The Strategic Plan has been drafted and guided by the National Long Term Development Plan (RPJPN) for 2005-2025 and the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) for 2010-2014 as its foundation. In addition to specifying the achievements in the implementation of tasks and authorities in the preceding period, the Strategic Plan of the Ministry, as a medium-term planning document, also sets forth the vision, missions, purposes, strategies, policies, programs, and activities as well as the performance targets and funding which are to be implemented by all working units in the Ministry for the subsequent five-year period.

 

‫ASEAN

‫The Member States of the Association of Southeast Asia Nations (ASEAN) are resilient to strengthen their commitments in realizing the three pillars of the ASEAN Community, namely Political-Security Community, Economic Community, and Socio-Cultural Community. One of the commitments within the Political-Security Community is to enhance the protection of human rights in ASEAN. The pursuit of this commitment is undertaken through various measures, among others, from the establishment of the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR) as well as the adoption of the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration (AHRD).

‫In this regard, it is important to disseminate the information regarding the measures taken by ASEAN member States to promote Human Rights in ASEAN in a comprehensive manner. Accordingly, the Directorate General of ASEAN Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) of Republic of Indonesia, in collaboration with the Indonesian Society of International Law (ISIL) which annually organizes the Indonesian rounds of the prestigious Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition, shall be convening the ”National Colloquium on the ASEAN Community 2015: Legal Debate on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights in ASEAN” which will take place in Jakarta, 2-5 September 2013. The purpose of this event is to enhance the understanding of the society in general and law students in particular on the ASEAN community building process, the promotion and protection of Human Rights in ASEAN and the AHRD. 

‫The Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs, H.E Wardana, will officially open the event. The event is comprised of two-day seminar on the ASEAN Community and the development of Human Rights in ASEAN. This shall be followed by a legal debate whereby the selected participants will take the floor to exercise their competence. The debate aims to increase the knowledge of the students on Human Rights and dispute settlement mechanism in ASEAN, and improve their capabilities in constructing and delivering arguments within a formal international setting. The format of the debate is in principal an international law moot court competition, and  is chosen in light of the students’ legal background. However, unlike other international law moot court competitions that are before the International Court of Justice, the setting of the legal debate would be an arbitral tribunal as set out in the ASEAN Dispute Settlement Mechanism. This exercise would allow the students to be more familiar with the ASEAN dispute settlement mechanism as well as the provisions of the ASEAN Charter, AHRD and other ASEAN instruments 

‫There are 64 law students from 32 faculties who have passed the administrative selection and the written test and will participate in the debate competition. The participants will undergo a debate training prior to the competition. They will also have an educational visit to the ASEAN Secretariat.

‫The National Colloquium of ASEAN Community 2015 : Legal Debate on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights is the first nationwide event of its kind for university students to broaden their understanding on Human Rights in ASEAN.  This event will involve the related Directorates of the MOFA, the Representative of Indonesia to the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission of Human Rights (AICHR), the Directorate General of Human Rights from the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, academics and practitioners as the speakers for the seminar and the juries for the debate. We are convinced that the Colloquium would be a prestigious event which will be highly beneficial for youth in promoting the Human Rights, both in Indonesia and in the Southeast Asia region.  (Source : Directorate of ASEAN Political and Security Cooperation).

 

‫BILATERAL COOPERATION

‫Indonesia has initiated its foreign relations since it proclaimed its independence in 1945. Various bilateral, regional as well as multilateral deliberations have been staked out by Indonesia in cooperation with friendly countries. Indonesia always holds such forums in  the spirit of promoting mutual respect and amenity, negating the use of violence, yet advancing consultation and prioritizing consensus in voting and decision making.

‫Currently, Indonesia is nurturing cooperation with 162 countries and one non-self governing territory. The said countries are grouped into eight different regions. 

For cooperation with Norway and Iceland, kindly check under Bilateral menu.

 

REGIONAL COOPERATION

To ensure the accomplishment of its national objectives, Indonesia’s Foreign Affairs Ministry has accentuated its diplomatic cooperation in a series of concentric circles. The first concentric circle is with Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) which becomes Indonesia’s prime pillar in carrying out its foreign policies. In the second concentric circle lies ASEAN + 3 (Japan, China, South Korea). Outside of those circles, Indonesia also builds an intensive cooperation with USA and European Union which serve as Indonesia’s main economic partners. In the third concentric circle lie like-minded developing countries.

Through the membership in those organizations, Indonesia voices out its foreign policies and bridges some gaps existing between developing and developed countries. In the global level, Indonesia expects and consistently emphasizes the strengthening of multilateralism in United Nations, particularly in solving any complications of world peace and security. Indonesia also rejects any endeavors taken outside UN framework.

Indonesia among others enjoys cooperation within the frameworks of/with the ARF, Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM), AMED, APEC, BIMP-EAGA, CICA, CTI, European Union, FEALAC, IOR-ARC, ACD, IMT-GT, MSG, PIF, SwPD, and NAASP.

 

MULTILATERAL COOPERATION

Objective

According to Decree of the Director General for Multilateral Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs No. 00148/PL/II/2010/46/06 on Establishment of Directorate General of Multilateral Affairs Strategic Plan Year 2010-2014, the objective of foreign politics stabilization and enhancement of international cooperation in multilateral affairs is to improve Indonesia’s active role in the implementation of international peace and security, advancement and protection of Basic Human Rights and humanitarian cooperation as well as in enhancing cooperation in economy, socio-culture, finance, environment, trade, industry, investment, commodity and protection of intellectual property rights through reinforcement of multilateral cooperation.

Program

The Directorate of Multilateral Affairs sets the program of year 2010-2014 under the frame of “Improvement of Indonesia’s Role and Diplomacy in Multilateral Affairs”. The desirable outcome will be to improve Indonesia’s role and diplomacy in addressing multilateral issues.

Strategies employed in the above program are as follow:

  1. To improve Indonesia’s participation and initiative in multilateral forums that includes becoming host to multilateral conferences.
  2. To identify and conduct critical examination for the sake of efficiency on Indonesia’s participation in organizations of multilateral cooperation by analyzing direct benefits for its national interest.
  3. To boost cross-sectorals endorsement in the implementation of multilateral cooperation.
  4. To synergize Indonesia’s participation in G-20 through participation in other forums. In addition to socializing the G-20 agreement to safeguard the implementation of G-20 commitment on national, regional and global level, this effort also aims to fortify G-20 legitimacy and erase the stigma of G-20 as an exclusive forum.
  5. To intensify diplomacy on the establishment of international norms for cultural products which has begun with incorporating Batik as one of UNESCO’s World Intangible Heritage. Future diplomatic efforts will include access and benefit sharing in various forums, such as WIPO through Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore (GRTKF), WHO (virus sharing), FAO, Convention on Biodiversity and WTO.
  6. To formulate policy concept/ grand design of South-South cooperation.

The list of multilateral cooperation includes among others World Trade Organization (WTO), Colombo Plan, Developing Eight (D-8), G-15, G-20, G-77 and China, Non Aligned Movement, OIC, United Nations (UN), World Tourism Organization (UN-WTO).

 

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

General policy of the Government of Indonesia on international organizations is founded on the Regulation of the President No. 7 of 2005 on Medium Term Development Plan (MTDP) Year 2004-2009, Chapter 8 on Consolidation of Foreign Policy and Enhancement of International Cooperation. Through the MTDP, Government is trying to enhance the roles of Indonesia in international relations and in establishing peace as well as encouraging better international and regional economic governance and cooperation in order to support national development.

Priorities of Indonesian foreign policy for the next 5 years are implemented through 3 main programs, namely consolidation of Indonesian foreign policy and optimization of Indonesian diplomacy program, international cooperation enhancement program with a purpose of optimally realizing various potentials available in international cooperation forums, and affirmation of commitment to world peace program.

The Presidential Decree No. 64 of 1999 stipulated that the objective of Indonesia’s membership in international organization is to attain maximum benefits for the sake of national interest with compliance to prevailing laws and regulations and regards to efficiency of state budget allocation and financial capacity.

Indonesia’s membership in international organizations is expected to provide the following benefits:

  1. Political aspect: endorsing democratization, promoting unity, cultivating social cohesion, fostering understanding and tolerance toward differences, encouraging good governance, as well as promoting respect, protection and advancement of Human Rights in Indonesia;
  2. Economic and financial aspect: promoting sustainable economic growth and stability, improving competitiveness, enhancing science and technology capability, increasing national capacity in the effort of achieving national development, stimulating rise in national productivity and providing technical assistance, grant and other unbinding aids;
  3. Socio-cultural aspect: cultivating mutual understanding among nations, improving health and education, preserving local and national cultures, encouraging protection efforts of the rights of migrant workers as well as establishing national, regional and international stability;
  4. Humanitarian aspect: developing an early warning system in disasters-prone areas, enhancing capacity building in disaster management, supporting reconstruction and rehabilitation process in disaster areas, projecting Indonesia’s positive image in front of the international community, and preserving environment as well as involving various parties in the efforts of environment preservation.

Indonesia’s nomination for membership in International Organization is regulated by the Decision of Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia No.SK.1042/PO/VIII/99/28/01 concerning the Procedure of Re-nomination of Indonesia’s Membership in and Contribution Disbursement by the Government of Indonesia to International Organizations.

The decision stipulates that in the event of agency’s intending to nominate Indonesia for a membership in certain international organization, the said agency must submit written proposal to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, explaining the basis for respective nomination and the duties arisen from the said membership. The nomination then will be discussed by the Working Group of Reviewers of Indonesia’s Membership in and Contribution of the Government of Indonesia to International Organizations. Discussion will heed the following:

  1. Benefits attained from membership in respective international organization;
  2. Amount of contribution should be paid based on the mutually agreed terms and calculation formula of respective organization;
  3. Similar scope and type of activity of Indonesia’s membership in international organization;
  4. State financial capacity and non-governmental institution financial capacity.

 

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